About Dr. Sanford
Dr. Sanford

Dr. Sanford

Dr. Keith Sanford is an associate professor in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at Baylor University. He received his Ph.D. in clinical psychology from Michigan State University in 2000, and is a licensed psychologist in the state of Texas. Dr. Sanford has served as an associate editor for the Journal of Family Psychology (published by the American Psychological Association), and he is the author of numerous research articles published in scientific journals. A partial list of Dr. Sanford’s publications appears at the bottom of this page.

Dr. Sanford has conducted extensive research on how couples can best resolve relationship conflicts. To study relationship conflicts, Dr. Sanford has brought hundreds of couples into a specially designed research laboratory where these couples underwent a thorough assessment procedure that included being video recorded as they discussed areas of relationship conflict. These video recordings were then analyzed and coded by teams of research assistants. Findings from this research were used extensively in the design of the Couple Conflict Consultant. In addition, Dr. Sanford has specialized in using scientific methods to develop and test instruments that can be used for assessing and evaluating couples. For example, the assessment questionnaire used in the Couple Conflict Consultant was developed and tested in a series of research studies that included more than 6,000 married people.

Baylor University Science Building

Baylor University Science Building

Selected Publications

Sanford, K., & Grace, A. J. (in press). Emotion and underlying concerns during couples’ conflict: An investigation of within-person change. Personal Relationships.

Sanford, K. (2010). Perceived threat and perceived neglect: Couples’ underlying concerns during conflict. Psychological Assessment, 22, 288-297.

Sanford, K. (2010). Assessing conflict communication in couples: Comparing the validity of self-report, partner-report, and observer ratings. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 165-174.

Sanford, K. (2009). Conflict measurement and assessment. In H. T. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Human Relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Sanford, K. (2007). The Couples Emotion Rating Form: Psychometric properties and theoretical associations. Psychological Assessment, 19, 411-421.

Sanford, K. (2007). Hard and soft emotion during conflict: Investigating married couples and other relationships. Personal Relationships, 14, 65-90.

Sanford, K. (2006). Communication during marital conflict: When couples alter their appraisal, they change their behavior. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 256-265.

Sanford, K. (2005). Attributions and anger in early marriage: Wives are event-dependent and husbands are schematic. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 180-188.

Sanford, K., & Rowatt, W. C. (2004). When is negative emotion positive for relationships? An investigation of married couples and roommates. Personal Relationships, 11, 329-354.

Sanford, K. (2003). Expectancies and communication behavior in marriage: Distinguishing proximal-level effects from distal-level effects. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, 391-402.

Sanford, K. (2003). Problem-solving conversations in marriage: Does it matter what topics couples discuss. Personal Relationships, 10(1), 97-112.

Sanford, K., Bingham, C. R., & Zucker, R. A. (1999). Validity issues with the Family Environment Scale: Psychometric resolution and research application with alcoholic families. Psychological Assessment, 11(3), 315-325.

Sanford, K. (1998). Memories of feeling misunderstood, and a schema of partner empathic responding: New scales for marital research. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 15(4), 490-501.

Sanford, K. (1997). Two dimensions of adult attachment: Further validation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 14(1), 133-143.